According to the Insurance Journal, retaliation claims by employees were the most frequently asserted type of employment claim in fiscal year 2014. The data comes from the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, the federal agency which investigates claims of employment discrimination. In fiscal year 2014, the percentage of claims which asserted that an employer retaliated against an employee for participating in a complaint of discrimination reached an all-time high of 42.8%. Next on the list were, in order, race, sex (including pregnancy and sexual harassment), disability age, national origin, religion, color, equal pay act, and genetic information.
The EEOC data shows that employment discrimination claims in general are decreasing nationwide. I see this as a positive development because it indicates that, at least to some degree, employers appear to be getting the message that discrimination is wrong, both from a moral and an economic perspective. However, the rise in retaliation claims is troubling. This could indicate that the reason why discrimination claims are in decline is not because there is less discrimination going on, but because employees are fearful of retaliation if they report discrimination. We would like to see a decline in discrimination coupled with a decline in retaliation.